At the end of this module, you will be able to:
- State why wearing seat belts is important
- Describe ways to improve visibility
- List common workplace communication methods
- List the steps in a pre-operational check
- Identify best practices for operating mobile equipment
- Identify procedures for safely working around highwalls and piles
- Identify best practices for refueling and parking mobile equipment
- Identify best practices for working around stationary equipment
- State the purpose of equipment guarding
- State the purpose of an emergency stop cord
- Identify best practices for avoiding ejected material hazards
- Identify best practices for avoiding airborne dust hazards
The following key questions are answered in this module:
Why is wearing a seat belt important when operating mobile equipment at surface mines?
Accident investigation statistics report that a majority of the mobile equipment fatalities at surface mines involve victims who had access to seat belts but were not wearing them.
What are some ways to improve communication when working around mining equipment?
Using sight, sound, and telecommunications. This can include confirming eye contact to ensure that an equipment operator is aware of your presence, sounding the horn before starting it or putting it in motion, and using radios and phones to communicate effectively.
What are some of the dangers of working with equipment around highwalls?
Working with equipment around highwalls can be especially dangerous due to unexpected rock slides or falling material that can seriously or fatally injure miners and damage equipment.
What are some of the dangers of refueling mobile equipment?
Refueling mobile equipment can put workers at risk of exposure to harmful fumes, as well as fire and explosion hazards from flammable and combustible liquids.
What are some of the dangers of improperly parked or unsecured mobile equipment?
Improperly parked or unsecured mobile equipment can unexpectedly move or roll, posing pinch and crush hazards to workers and potentially damaging property.
What are some of the dangers of working around stationary equipment?
Working around stationary equipment, including conveyors, crushers, classifiers, hoppers, and generators, can expose miners or others on-site to hazardous machine motion and energy.
What are some of the dangers of working around high amounts of dust?
Dry, dusty conditions can put miners and others on-site at risk of developing a respiratory illness or disease. With prolonged exposure, miners can develop an irreversible and potentially deadly condition known as silicosis.
Below is a transcript of the video sample provided for this module:
Ensuring that you and others on site stay visible to mobile equipment can significantly reduce accidents on the job site. Blind spots, weather conditions, time of day, and large obstacles can all reduce visibility for equipment operators and pedestrians. Follow these best practices for improving visibility on or around mobile equipment. Wear high-visibility or high viz reflective safety vests. Keep windows clean and undamaged, wiper blades maintained, windshield defrosters operational, and mirrors properly adjusted. Add or enlarge mirrors to vehicles as needed. Mount stationary mirrors at areas of restricted visibility. Use headlights, fog lights, and additional vehicle lights when necessary. Use whip antenna flags or strobe lights to increase visibility on smaller vehicles. And use fixed or portable light plants at loading or dump points as needed.
Use the additional resources and links below to learn more about this topic:
- US Department of Labor Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) – www.msha.gov
- MSHA Resource Page - http://arlweb.msha.gov/SiteIndex/MNMSiteIndex.asp
- MSHA Equipment Hazard Alerts - http://arlweb.msha.gov/equiphaz.htm
- MSHA Fatalgrams and Fatal Alerts - http://arlweb.msha.gov/Alerts/lockout-fatals2005-2015.pdf