Treating and Sulfur Recovery Operations

SKU: ROTRO00CENDuration: 60 Minutes

Crude oil contains valuable and desirable hydrocarbon molecules. In addition, however, raw crude and distilled fractions contain impurities. The type and amount of impurities in raw crude and distilled fractions may vary, depending on several factors, including the origins of the crude and the boiling ranges of the fractions. This course covers some treating processes that are used to remove or convert sulfur compounds.

Course Details

Specs

Training Time: 60 minutes

Compatibility: Desktop Only

Based on: Industry Standards and Best Practices

Languages: English

Learning Objectives

  • Topic I: Introduction to Treating and Sulfur Recovery
  • • State the purpose of treating and sulfur recovery.
  • • Identify two types of sulfur compounds contained in crude fractions and explain how they can be removed or converted.
  • • Describe a basic caustic wash process.
  • • Identify hazards associated with caustic use.
  • Topic II: Amine Treating, Part 1
  • • Identify typical amines used for treating fractions to remove Hydrogen sulfide (H2S).
  • • Describe the equipment and operation of a typical amine treatment unit.
  • Topic III: Amine Treating, Part 2
  • • Describe process variables and conditions associated with a typical amine treating process.
  • • Explain why foaming is a problem and how it can be minimized.
  • Topic IV: Mercaptan Extraction
  • • Describe the equipment and operation of a typical mercaptan extraction process.
  • • Identify process variables and conditions associated with mercaptan extraction.
  • Topic V: Mercaptan Conversion
  • • Describe the operation of a liquid-liquid mercaptan conversion system.
  • • Describe the operation of a fixed bed mercaptan conversion system.
  • • Identify process variables and conditions associated with liquid-liquid and fixed bed mercaptan conversion systems.
  • Topic VI: Sulfur Recovery
  • • Explain the major process reactions involved in Claus type sulfur recovery.
  • • Identify the equipment in a Claus type sulfur recovery unit and describe the unit's operation.
  • • Describe process variables and conditions associated with sulfur recovery unit operations.
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