Thin Stock Screening

SKU: C-722Duration: 15 Minutes

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Course Details

Specs

Training Time: 15 minutes

Compatibility: Desktop, Tablet, Phone

Based on: Industry Standards and Best Practices

Languages: English, Portuguese, French, Russian

The purpose of thin stock screening is to remove debris from the dilute stock going to the headbox. Screening also deflocculates the stock and protects downstream equipment. Screening systems often use two or three "cascaded" stages in order to reduce fiber losses and improve overall debris removal efficiency. The design and operation of a screening system must take into account the requirements of the paper or board machine, desired sheet quality and properties, and characteristics of the particles to be removed.

Learning Objectives

  • Identify the purposes of thin stock screening
  • Identify the types of debris found in mechanical pulps, chemical pulps, and secondary fiber
  • Identify the components and describe the operation of a vibratory flat screen
  • Identify the components and describe the operation of pressure screens
  • Explain why pressure screen holes and slots are tapered or relieved
  • Identify and describe primary process flows
  • Define "reject rate," "debris removal efficiency," and "long fiber removal efficiency"
  • Describe the operations of cascaded screening systems

Key Questions

The following key questions are answered in this module:

What is the purpose of thin stock screening?
Screening removes dirt, small pieces of plastic, wood and other contaminants. It also helps break up fiber clumps.

What are disadvantages of vibratory flat screens?
Vibratory screens have high maintenance and foaming issues.

How are pressure screen basket openings created?
The baskets can have drilled holes, milled slots, or welded wedge wire.

What are typical screen opening sizes?
In thin stock systems, hole sizes range from about 1.2 to 3 mm (0.05-0.12 inch), with an open area of 10 to 25%. Slot widths vary from about 0.2 to 0.5 mm (0.008-0.02 inch), and open area is generally 7 to 15%.

What debris properties affect removal efficiency?
Large, 3D particles are easiest to remove. 2D debris, such as wet strength flakes, can be removed, but some orientations pass through the baskets easily. Small contaminants like shives are most difficult to remove by screens.

Sample Video Transcript

Below is a transcript of the video sample provided for this module:

Pressure screens consist of a vertical or horizontal screen housing that contains one or two perforated cylindrical screen baskets and a shaft driven rotor. Foils or bumps on the rotor travel in close proximity to the screen surface and help force fibers through the openings, and then create a low pressure pulse as they pass by. The momentary back flush action of the pulse prevents materials from building up and plugging or blinding the screen. Between pulses, the pressure from the feed pump keeps fibers and water moving through the openings. The material that passes through becomes the accepts, which exit from the side of the screen housing. The material which cannot pass through the openings is discharged as rejects near the bottom of the housing.
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