Recausticizing Fundamentals

SKU: C-437Duration: 21 Minutes

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Course Details


Training Time: 21 minutes

Compatibility: Desktop, Tablet, Phone

Based on: Industry Standards and Best Practices

Languages: English, Portuguese, French, Polish, Russian

Recausticizing is the process of converting the chemicals in the spent cooking liquor back to their original form so that they can be re-used in the kraft pulping process. This course starts with an overview of the kraft pulping process and recausticizing system, and then describes how they fit together. It describes the major equipment and steps or processes found in the recaust system, including the liquid and solids flows into and out of the system. Lastly, it details the important chemical reactions that take place - slaking, causticizing, and calcining.

Learning Objectives

  • Describe the kraft pulping process
  • Describe the role of chemical recovery and recausticizing systems in the kraft pulping process
  • Identify flows and major equipment in the recausticizing system
  • Describe the chemical reactions that occur during pulping and in the recausticizing system
  • Identify the components of the strong black liquor sent to the recovery boiler

Key Questions

The following key questions are answered in this module:

What is the source of green liquor?
Green liquor is created from spent inorganic cooking chemicals in the recovery boiler, or smelt, that is combined with ""weak wash"" in the dissolving tank under the recovery boiler.

What is slaking?
Slaking is the reaction that occurs when solid lime, or calcium oxide is added to water, creating calcium hydroxide.

What is causticizing?
Causticizing is a reaction in which sodium carbonate in green liquor reacts with calcium hydroxide from the slaker to form sodium hydroxide and calcium carbonate.

What is calcining?
Causticizing is a reaction in which sodium carbonate reacts with oxygen to form calcium oxide, or lime.

What are grits?
Grits are insoluble compounds, most of which come from purchased lime, which collect in the slaker and need to be removed and disposed of.

Sample Video Transcript

Below is a transcript of the video sample provided for this module:

Now that we have discussed the role of the recausticizing system in the kraft pulping process, we will detail the system equipment and operations, starting with the green liquor clarifier and ending at the lime kiln. The green liquor clarifier purifies the green liquor from the smelt dissolving tank before it enters the recaust system. A sedimentation clarifier is typically used. A sedimentation clarifier is a tank or basin that provides the time necessary for suspended solids in a liquid to settle out. The small solid particles that are suspended in the green liquor are called dregs. Once the dregs have settled out, they can be removed from the bottom of the clarifier by a rake mechanism and center sludge outlet. After the clarifier, the dregs are washed and filtered on the dregs filter, which recovers most of the valuable cooking chemicals they contain. Finally, they are discharged from the system as waste.
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