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Based on: OSHA 29 CFR 1910.176 - Material Handling OSHA 29 CFR 1910.178 - Forklift Safety

Languages: English

Sample Transcript

Ramp decking is usually serrated grating, which provides a strong non-slip surface. The open grating allows to breed a fall-through instead of building up on the ramp. There are safety curbs on both sides of the ramp to prevent a forklift from driving over the edge. Handrails are required if personnel will walk on the ramp. A lip at the top end of the ramp supports the ramp by resting on the floor of the trailer. This allows the ramp to float as the trailer height changes due to the weight of the load. Some portable ramps are supported by adjustable legs. Because these ramps don't float with the trailer, they need a leveling device similar to those used with permanent loading docks that can move up or down with the trailer.

Portable Loading Ramps

Training Time: 16 minutes

Portable loading ramps, also called portable loading docks, forklift ramps, mobile ramps, or yard ramps, provide access to semi-trailers and boxcars from ground level. They can be used in places where permanent loading docks do not exist, such as farm fields or construction sites, or as a cost effective way to expand material handling capabilities. Portability provides the flexibility to load and unload trailers close to the storage location, which can significantly reduce transportation distances in large facilities. This course will cover the basic features and safe operating guidelines for portable loading ramps.

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If handling explosive materials, an aluminum ramp should be used instead of steel ramp to prevent sparks.

A ramp with a level-off section should always be used when loading and unloading so the forklift is level when entering and exiting the trailer or boxcar.

When traveling with a load, the load should always point up the incline, regardless of the direction of travel.

Learning Objectives

  • Describe the purpose of portable loading ramps
  • Describe how to choose the correct ramp size
  • List the items required to ensure safe use of portable loading ramps
  • Describe how to safely drive a forklift on the ramp
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Portable Loading Ramps FAQs

Are handrails required on portable ramps?
Handrails are required if personnel will walk on the ramp

What is the height range of ramps?
Most portable ramps can be adjusted between 40 and 60 inches off the ground

What capacity do I need for my portable ramp?
The ramp capacity should be 3 times greater than the capacity of the forklift that will be used

What are the typical portable ramp sizes?
Straight ramps are usually about 30 ft long and ramps with a level-off area at the top of the ramp are about 36 ft long. Typical ramp widths are 70, 84, and 96 in

How are ramps secured?
Most ramps have chains to secure the ramp to the trailer while in use

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