Paper Machine Winding Basics

SKU: C-478Duration: 27 Minutes

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Course Details


Training Time: 27 minutes

Compatibility: Desktop, Tablet, Phone

Based on: Industry Standards and Best Practices

Languages: English, Portuguese, French, Polish, Russian, Spanish

There are two basic winding processes in the paper industry: reeling and winding. The reeling process is used to produce very large rolls of paper or board, called "parent reels," at the dry end of a paper machine. The winding process converts the large parent reels produced on the paper machine into customer-sized rolls that are ready for converting or shipping. This training module covers the winding process. The equipment used for this process is called the "winder."

Learning Objectives

  • Describe the purpose of the winder
  • List in order the steps that occur during winding
  • Describe the desired roll set characteristics
  • Identify the sections and main components of a conventional two-drum winder
  • List and differentiate between the major winding variables
  • Describe the relationship between paper properties and winding
  • Describe wound-in-tension and residual tension
  • Describe other winder designs

Key Questions

The following key questions are answered in this module:

What are the TNTs of winding?
The structure of finished roll sets is largely dependent on three winding variables - sheet tension, nip load, and winding torque. These are often referred to as the TNTs of winding - Tension, Nip and Torque.

Why are there spreading devices both before and after the slitters on a winder?
Spreading devices straighten the sheet before the slitters to ensure good quality cuts and then keep the slit sections separate as they enter the winding section. They help prevent the sheet from weaving back and forth between adjacent rolls in the roll set.

Where is sheet tension controlled on a typical two-drum winder?
During winding, the sheet is tensioned by the driven drums in the winding section and a mechanical brake or regenerative brake motor in the unwind section. The braking force is used to control sheet tension.

What is the difference between wound-in-tension and residual tension?
Wound-in-tension is the amount of tension present in the sheet as it is being wound. Once a roll set has been built, the wound-in-tension converts to residual tension. Residual tension is usually positive in the outermost layers of the roll, and negative or negligible in the center and middle.

Why do winders run at such high speeds?
Because there is usually one winder per machine and a winder may only run 50% of the time (due to parent reel changes, slitter adjustments, maintenance, blade changes, and repairs), a winder must run at least twice as fast as the paper machine in order to keep up with production.

Sample Video Transcript

Below is a transcript of the video sample provided for this module:

The purpose of the winder is to convert the large-diameter machine width parent reels of paper produced on a paper machine into finished roll sets ready for converting or shipping. After a parent real has been transported from the paper machine to the winder, the winder must perform the following steps: One, unwind the paper from the parent reel. Two, slit the sheet into different widths and slit and remove trim from both edges of the sheet. Three, guide the sheet to the windup section where it is wound onto cores. And four, remove the Finish roll sets to downstream equipment.
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