At the end of this module, you will be able to:
- Name the four most common poisonous snakes in the United States
- Identify each of the four most common poisonous snakes in the United States
- List some tips for avoiding snakebites
- List some personal protective equipment (PPE) that can help protect people from snakebites
- Explain the first aid to provide if a person has been bitten by a poisonous snake
- Explain the first aid to provide if a person has been bitten by a non-poisonous snake
The following key questions are answered in this module:
What are the four most common poisonous snakes in the United States?
Rattlesnakes, copperheads, water moccasins, and coral snakes.
What are some ways to avoid being bitten by snakes?
Know the type of snakes in your area and where they are likely to be; avoid working in those areas; know their behaviors; stay clear of snakes.
What is some PPE to wear to lessen the risk of snake bite?
Tall boots, long pants tucked into the boots, snake gaiters, protective gloves.
What should you do if someone is bitten by a poisonous snake?
Try to identify the type of snake but don't try to capture or kill it; give the person first aid; have the person relax, be calm, and stay still; and get the person to medical attention.
Below is a transcript of the video sample provided for this module:
Different types of rattlesnakes can be found in many different parts of the United States. Most, however, are found in the American Southwest. Because there are many types of rattlesnakes, they don't all look the same. The average adult size is three to four feet in length, though some may be smaller and others longer. In general, however, their coloring is earth-toned and they often have diagonal patterns on their scales. The easiest way to identify a rattlesnake is by the distinctive rattle at the end of their tail. Rattlesnakes, shake their tail to sound their rattle. This is a signal to stay away.
Use the additional resources and links below to learn more about this topic:
- Web MD 0 www.webmd.com
- Snakebite - http://www.webmd.com/first-aid/snakebite-treatment
- Mayo Clinic – www.mayoclinic.org
- Snakebite first aid - http://www.mayoclinic.org/first-aid/first-aid-snake-bites/basics/ART-20056681
- US National Library – www.nlm.nih.gov
- Medline snakebite first aid - https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000031.htm
- Occupational Safety & Health Administration – www.osha.gov
- OSHA Quick Card - https://www.osha.gov/Publications/rodents_snakes_insects.html
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – www.cdc.gov
- CDC Emergency Preparedness and Response - http://www.emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/snakebite.asp