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Seizures are caused by sudden electrical abnormalities in the brain. Symptoms can range from mild to severe, and the seizure itself may last only a second or two, or it may go on for minutes. If a person is ever in a seizure for more than five minutes, always call for emergency medical aid. Seizures can have many different causes and symptoms. But in general, we can group the symptoms into three types. The person is awake and alert. The person is awake, but not fully alert. Or, the person is unconscious. The care and first aid you'll provide depends on the group of symptoms. In general, however, during a seizure, stay with the person. Calm them, and make sure they don't cause themselves any harm.