At the end of this module, you will be able to:
- Explain the purpose of emergency first aid
- Explain the importance of summoning emergency medical assistance in a first-aid situation
- Explain general legal guidelines related to providing first aid
- List in order each of the five steps of the DR. ABC method
- Describe what each step of DR. ABC is
- Explain how to perform each step of DR. ABC
The following key questions are answered in this module:
What is the purpose of first aid?
The goal of any first aid effort in a medical emergency is to provide temporary assistance to the victim until qualified emergency medical personnel are available to step in.
What should a person do after arriving at the scene of a first aid emergency?
The mnemonic device DR. ABC is a good guide for working through the initial steps of an emergency first aid situation.
What do the different letters in DR. ABC stand for?
Look for danger, check to see if the person is responsive, check to see if the airway is clear, check to see if the person is breathing, and check to see if the person's blood is circulating.
What should a person do if the victim's airway is blocked?
Remove the obstruction and check to see if the victim begins to breathe.
What should a person do if the victim's not breathing?
Provide artificial respiration.
What should a person do if the victim's heart isn't beating?
Provide CPR or hands-only CPR.
Below is a transcript of the video sample provided for this module:
For many people, the immediate reaction upon seeing a sick or injured person is to rush in and try to help. While the desire to help is a good one, it can lead to acting too quickly and rushing into a potentially dangerous situation. In the following sections, you'll learn some basic precautions to follow that will help keep you safe if you ever have to provide first aid.
Use the additional resources and links below to learn more about this topic:
- American Red Cross – www.redcross.org
- America Red Cross First Aid and CPR training - http://www.redcross.org/ux/take-a-class
- Mayo Clinic – www.mayoclinic.org
- Mayo Clinic First Aid Web Pages - http://www.mayoclinic.org/first-aid
- WebMD – www.webmd.com
- WebMD First Aid & Emergencies: http://www.webmd.com/first-aid/default.htm
- Centers for Disease Control - http://www.cdc.gov/