At the end of this module, you will be able to:
- List some ways to avoid suffering a head injury at work
- Explain how to provide first aid for minor head injuries
- Explain what a concussion is
- Explain how to recognize a mild concussion and a more severe concussion
- Explain first aid for a mild concussion
- Explain first aid for a more severe concussion
- Explain first aid for someone with a head injury who's lost consciousness
- Explain how to recognize more severe head injuries
- Explain how to provide first aid for someone with more severe head injuries
The following key questions are answered in this module:
What are some good ways to reduce or eliminate the number of head injuries at work?
Some very effective ways are to wear appropriate head protection, such as a hard hat; to wear appropriate, non-slippery footwear; to properly guard hazards; to practice good housekeeping; and to avoid roughhousing.
What is a concussion?
A concussion is an injury to a person's brain that results from a blow to the head.
Are all concussions equally severe?
No, some concussions are milder, while some are more severe.
What are some symptoms of a concussion?
Symptoms of a mild concussion include short-term dizziness or a "woozy" feeling, blurred vision, headache, and temporary confusion. Symptoms of a more severe concussion may include loss of consciousness, nausea or vomiting, seizure, loss of muscle use, unequal pupil size, and confusion.
What first aid should one provide for a person with a mild head injury?
Have the person sit or lie down, apply ice to the area, and provide an over-the-counter pain killer. If there are additional injuries, such as cuts, take care of those as well.
What first aid should one provide for a major head injury?
The most important thing to do is summon emergency medical assistance immediately. Other than that, have the person lie down, don't move the person, stop any bleeding, and stay with the person until help arrives.
Below is a transcript of the video sample provided for this module:
More severe concussions can include: loss of consciousness, nausea or vomiting, seizures, loss of muscle use on one or both sides of the body, unequal pupil size, and repeatedly asking the same question such as, "What happened?" or "Where am I?" For a more severe concussion, do the following: summon emergency medical assistance immediately, have the victim lie down or sit until help arrives, and give first aid for any additional injuries.
Use the additional resources and links below to learn more about this topic:
- Mayo Clinic - www.mayoclinic.org
- Mayo Clinic Head Trauma - http://www.mayoclinic.org/first-aid/first-aid-head-trauma/basics/ART-20056626
- WebMD – www.webmd.com
- WebMD Head Injury - http://www.webmd.com/first-aid/head-injury-treatment