At the end of this module, you will be able to:
- Explain the relationship between diabetes and blood sugar levels
- Describe items used to monitor and control blood sugar levels
- List symptoms related to hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
- Explain steps of providing first aid for someone with diabetes who's suffering from low blood sugar
- List symptoms related to hyperglycemia (high blood sugar)
- Explain steps for providing first aid to someone with diabetes who's suffering from high blood sugar
The following key questions are answered in this module:
What is diabetes?
There are several different types of diabetes. Each type reduces a person's ability to control the amount of sugars in their blood.
What are the primary types of diabetes?
There are three types of diabetes: gestational diabetes, diabetes 1, and diabetes 2.
What is hypoglycemia?
When someone is suffering from low blood sugar.
What is hyperglycemia?
When someone is suffering from high blood sugar.
What is insulin?
Insulin is a hormone, which is produced by the pancreas. Insulin allows the body's cells to use blood glucose, or sugar, and it regulates the body's blood sugar levels.
Below is a transcript of the video sample provided for this module:
As you've learned, the different types of diabetes make it difficult for a person to control the level of sugar in his or her blood. Diabetes is becoming increasingly common and there's a good chance you work with someone who has it, or may even have it yourself. It's important to know the symptoms a person with diabetes experiences when they have low blood sugar and when they have high blood sugar. It's also important to know proper first aid for both conditions. When people tell co-workers about their diabetes, it increases the chances that co-workers will be prepared to give proper first aid when necessary. Finally, it's important to know about medic alert devices, and about items people with diabetes often carry, including insulin and glucagon injection kits, blood sugar monitors and glucose tablets, including why and how they're used.
Use the additional resources and links below to learn more about this topic:
- American Diabetes Association - www.diabetes.org
- Emergency Preparedness - http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/treatment-and-care/medication/tips-for-emergency-preparedness.html
- WebMD - www.webmd.com
- Diabetes Health Center - http://www.webmd.com/diabetes/default.htm