At the end of this module, you will be able to:
- Explain when to summon emergency medical assistance if a person's heart isn't beating
- Explain what CPR is
- Explain when to provide CPR
- List four things to check before performing CPR on a person
- Explain how to provide CPR
- Explain how to perform Hands-Only CPR
The following key questions are answered in this module:
When should emergency medical assistance be summoned in a situation requiring CPR?
Always summon emergency medical assistance immediately or as quickly as possible in a situation that requires CPR.
How long should one wait before beginning CPR?
Begin CPR as quickly as possible. The chances that the victim will survive increase dramatically if you begin CPR quickly instead of delay.
When should one perform CPR?
If the person's not breathing and his/her heart isn't beating.
What is the pattern for performing CPR?
Give 30 chest compressions and then 2 rescue breaths, then repeat that pattern until help arrives.
What is Hands-Only CPR?
Hands only CPR is an alternate version of CPR in which the person gives no rescue breaths-just the chest compressions.
Is Hands-Only CPR as effective as normal CPR?
No, but it's more effective than doing nothing.
Below is a transcript of the video sample provided for this module:
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation or CPR is a first aid technique that involves compressing a person's chest 30 times and breathing into their mouth two times in an alternating pattern. CPR is used to move blood and oxygen through a person's body when their heart is not beating. The chest compressions cause blood to flow through the victim's body and the breathing introduces oxygen into the victim's lungs. Which in turn reaches the blood and is carried to the rest of the body.
Use the additional resources and links below to learn more about this topic:
- The American Red Cross – www.redcross.org
- The American Red Cross offers hands-on CPR training - http://www.redcross.org/ux/take-a-class
- Mayo Clinic – www.mayoclinic.org
- Mayo Clinic CPR Web Pages - http://www.mayoclinic.org/first-aid/first-aid-cpr/basics/ART-20056600
- WebMD – www.webmd.com
- WebMD First Aid & Emergencies - http://www.webmd.com/first-aid/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-cpr-treatment