At the end of this module, you will be able to:
- Explain what a broken bone is
- List some symptoms of broken bones
- Explain when to arrange for emergency medical transport for a person with a broken bone
- Explain how to provide first aid for a broken bone
- List some symptoms of a fractured rib
- Explain how to provide first aid for a fractured rib
- Explain what a dislocation is
- Explain how to provide first aid for a dislocation
The following key questions are answered in this module:
What is a broken bone?
A broken bone, also called a fracture, is a general term used to describe a bone that's been exposed to some type of force that has changed its natural shape.
What is a fracture?
A fracture is another term for a broken bone.
What is a dislocation?
A dislocation is a bone that has come out of the joint it's normally within.
What is a splint?
A splint is something that can be tied along a wounded area with a broken bone, such as a leg, to immobilize the area.
Is medical care beyond first aid necessary for all broken bones?
If a person has a broken bone, they should receive first aid and additional medical care. However, it's not always necessary to summon medical care to transport the person; in many cases, emergency medical transport is not necessary.
Below is a transcript of the video sample provided for this module:
A broken bone is the common term for what doctors call a fractured bone, or simply a fracture. A broken bone is a bone that no longer has the same shape it normally does. Bones can be broken in a number of ways. This can include a straight break directly across the bone, a diagonal break through the bone, a crushing injury to the bone, when the bone is broken into several pieces or fragments, and when bones are driven together crushing parts of one another. In addition, broken bones can be closed or open. A closed break means the skin is not broken. An open break means the skin is broken and the bone may be sticking out of the skin. Open breaks are also called compound breaks, and there's an additional risk of infection with this kind of break.
Use the additional resources and links below to learn more about this topic:
- Mayo Clinic – www.mayoclinic.org
- Mayo Clinic Broken Bone Web Page - http://www.mayoclinic.org/first-aid/first-aid-fractures/basics/ART-20056641
- WebMD – www.webmd.com
- WebMD Broken Arm webpage - http://www.webmd.com/first-aid/broken-arm-treatment
- Healthline – www.healthline.com
- Healthline Broken Bone webpage: http://www.healthline.com/health/first-aid/broken-bones