At the end of this module, you will be able to:
- List general types, or categories, of drugs
- List some symptoms of a drug or alcohol overdose
- List the type or types of emergency aid to summon, depending on the overdose case
- List some actions to take while providing first aid to a drug overdose victim
The following key questions are answered in this module:
Can a person overdose on over-the-counter medicines?
Can a person overdose on prescription medications?
Can a person overdose on alcohol?
Can a person overdose on illegal and/or illicit "street drugs?"
What are common symptoms of drug or alcohol overdoses?
Symptoms can vary greatly, but they may include unconsciousness, extreme disorientation, seizures, paranoia or anxiety, extreme depression, suicidal thoughts or actions, unpredictable and/or violent behavior, poor decision making , and the smell of alcohol on the breath.
Should you call for help if someone has overdosed?
Yes, call the Poison Control Center and summon emergency medical assistance. You may also need to call security or the police, depending on the situation.
Below is a transcript of the video sample provided for this module:
Alcohol and some drugs are legal in all states. For example, it's legal to use over-the-counter drugs or prescription drugs that have been prescribed for you by a doctor. In addition, marijuana is legal in some states but not in others. But that doesn't mean it's all right to be under the influence of alcohol or drugs while at work. In most cases this is forbidden, that's because doing so can create many safety and health hazards and can also lead to poor work quality and interpersonal problems. Talk with your managers or consult your company's policies to learn the rules at your work. If you have a prescription or over-the-counter drug at work, it's a good idea to talk with your manager first.
Use the additional resources and links below to learn more about this topic:
- Web MD – www.webmd.com
- WebMD Drug Overdose - http://www.webmd.com/first-aid/drug-overdose-treatment
- WebMD Alcohol Poisoning First Aid - http://www.webmd.com/first-aid/alcohol-intoxication-treatment
- US National Library of Medicine (NIH) - www.nlm.nih.gov
- NIH Medline Plus Drug Overdose - https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000016.htm
- Mayo Clinic – www.mayoclinic.org
- Mayo Clinic Alcohol Poisoning First Aid - http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/alcohol-poisoning/basics/definition/con-20029020