At the end of this module, you will be able to:
- Identify ways the danger of fire can be eliminated or minimized
- Identify and describe the elements necessary for fire
- List methods of fire prevention
- Describe the different fire protection methods
- Describe evacuation procedures
- Differentiate between the classifications of fire
- Describe the rating system used for Class A and B portable fire extinguishers
- List in order the steps for using a portable fire extinguisher (PASS)
- Describe what to do if your or someone else's clothing catches fire
The following key questions are answered in this module:
What is fire?
Heat and light energy produced and released during a chemical reaction.
What is the fire tetrahedron?
The four elements necessary to form a fire-heat, fuel, oxygen, and an unrestricted chemical chain reaction.
What is the best way to prevent a fire?
Keeping the three elements of the fire triangle separate-most specifically, keeping heat away from fuel.
What are some effective methods of fire protection
Automatic fire sprinklers, smoke detectors, pull alarms, and evacuation.
How should one use a fire extinguisher?
Use the PASS technique-pull the pin, aim the nozzle at the base of the fire, squeeze the handle, and sweep from side to side at the base of the fire.
When should one use a fire extinguisher (and when should one evacuate instead)?
Only if you're properly trained, if you're not endangering yourself or others, if you have a clear evacuation path behind you, and if the fire is small, contained, and hasn't spread to other materials.
Below is a transcript of the video sample provided for this module:
If at any point your clothing catches on fire, follow the stop, drop and roll procedure. Stop exactly where you are. Drop to the ground. Cover your face with your hands, and roll around to smother the flames. If someone else's clothes catch on fire, yell to them to stop, drop and roll. And then use a rug, blanket or towel to help smother and extinguish the flames.
Use the additional resources and links below to learn more about this topic:
- U.S. Department of Labor’s Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) – www.osha.gov
- OSHA Safety & Health Topics – www.osha.gov/SLTC/firesafety/
- OSHA Fact Sheet - www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_General_Facts/FireSafetyN.pdf
- OSHA eTools Evacuation Plans and Procedures - www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/evacuation/
- National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) – www.nfpa.org