At the end of this module, you will be able to:
- State the definition of an "emergency"
- List the most common types of emergencies that can occur at a mine site
- List common emergency warning methods
- Identify procedures commonly included in emergency communication training
- List topics that may be included in evacuation training
- Describe common reporting requirements
- Describe common procedures during emergencies involving equipment damage, personal injury, and fire
- Describe fire prevention methods
- List basic ways to extinguish a small fire
The following key questions are answered in this module:
What is an "emergency"?
An "emergency" is a serious, unexpected, and potentially dangerous situation that requires immediate action.
What are some common emergencies at a mine site?
Common emergencies at a mine site include equipment damage, personal injury, and fires.
What are some common warning methods used at a mine site?
Warning methods used at mine sites can include: audible sirens, horns, and alarms; visual warning lights or flares; radio, phone, or text messages; and verbal terms and commands.
Do all emergencies need to be reported?
Yes. All emergencies should be reported and documented in compliance with all federal and state regulations.
What are the elements that make up a fire?
Heat, fuel, oxygen, and an unrestrained chemical reaction are all required to sustain a fire. If any of these four elements are removed, the fire cannot continue.
Below is a transcript of the video sample provided for this module:
An emergency is a serious, unexpected, and potentially dangerous situation that requires immediate action. Your mine will have written policies and procedures in place to guide the actions of everyone on site during common emergencies that involve equipment damage, personal injury, and fire. These procedures may include instruction on warning methods, emergency communication, evacuation, and reporting. Emergency procedures specific to your mine should be covered in detail during your orientation training and may be reviewed during periodic or annual refresher training.
Use the additional resources and links below to learn more about this topic:
- US Department of Labor Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) – http://arlweb.msha.gov
- MSHA Focus On topic - http://arlweb.msha.gov/focuson/areyouprepared/MineEmergency.asp
- MSHA Emergency Response review - http://arlweb.msha.gov/PerformanceCoal/UpperBigBranchERP.pdf
- MSHA Emergency Operations Publications - http://arlweb.msha.gov/s&hinfo/techrpt/meo.htm