Continuous Digesters - Vapor Phase

SKU: C-809Duration: 28 Minutes Certificate Included

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Language:  English

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Language:  English

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Course Details

Specs

Training Time: 28 minutes

Compatibility: Desktop, Tablet, Phone

Based on: Industry Standards and Best Practices

Languages: English

In a continuous digester, wood chips and liquor are continuously fed to, and withdrawn from, a pressure vessel. Continuous cooking offers some distinct advantages over batch cooking, including reduced space requirements, improved cooking control, and improved energy efficiency. Many variations of continuous digester equipment and process conditions have been used. Some digesters are hydraulically filled, while others utilize a vapor phase. This module covers the basic principles of operation of vapor phase continuous digesters.

Learning Objectives

At the end of this module, you will be able to:

  • Describe the advantages of continuous digesters
  • Identify the purposes of a continuous digester chip feed system
  • Describe how process zones are established in a continuous digester
  • Identify the benefits of a vapor phase continuous digester
  • Describe the advantages of using an impregnation vessel
  • Identify some of the guidelines which maximize the benefits of continuous cooking

Key Questions

The following key questions are answered in this module:

What is a vapor phase digester?
A vapor phase digester is a continuous digester which is not completely filled with liquor during operation. A small area near the top of the digester is filled with steam which condenses on the chips and heats them prior to them entering the liquor.

What are some of the goals of the chip feed system on a continuous digester?
In the chip feed system, air is driven from the chips and replaced with water, the chips are partially heated, and they are transferred from a low pressure environment to a high pressure environment.

What is one advantage of a vapor phase digester?
By heating chips in the vapor portion of the digester, the need for an indirect heating zone circulation heater is eliminated, as well as the scaling problems which are often associated with that heater.

How are process zones established within a continuous digester?
The temperature and chemical concentrations of zones within the digester are controlled by the introduction and withdrawal of liquor at different elevations along the digester.

What job is performed by a top separator in a continuous digester?
The top separator receives a mix of chips and liquor. The separator moves the chips into the digester and returns the bulk of the liquor for use in the chip transport loop.

Sample Video Transcript

Below is a transcript of the video sample provided for this module:

In a vapor phased digester, the liquor level is maintained slightly below the chip level. The vapor space at the top is filled with steam, which condenses and heats the incoming chips. This system was developed to address problems with scaling, which occurred in some external liquor circulation heaters. Heating the chips directly with steam eliminates the need for the heating zone circulation heater. Which solves the liquor circulation and scaling issues. In addition to that, the use of direct steam heats the chips more quickly than hot liquor, and increases the rate of liquid penetration into the chips, which allows higher production rates.

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