Cold Stress: Safety Resources for Working in Cold Weather

cold-stressBaby, it’s cold outside. (I like that version, don’t you?)

Herein the US, cold weather is one its way once again, and it’s a good idea to consider how well prepared you and your workforce are for the lower temperatures.

Dealing with the cold may seem like common knowledge that we’ve all got under our belts, but the fact is that every year people suffer from hypothermia, frostbite, trench foot, and other cold-related problems.

So, we’ve pulled together some helpful resources about cold stress, frostbite, working in the cold, and generally keeping safe in the cold. They’re drawn from various sources, including OSHA, the Department of Labor, AAA, National Public Radio, the American Academy of Pediatrics, and more. Hopefully you’ll find one or more of these helpful.

Stay safe and stay warm!

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Risk Management and Safety

risk-managementIf you’re in safety or EHS, you may have heard of risk management.

Maybe you know exactly what that means. If so, great.

But maybe you don’t, and maybe you’ve wondered. If so, this post is for you. We’ll explain what risk management is and how risk management and safety are related.

Let’s start by defining some terms. ISO Guide 73:2009 includes the following definitions:

  • Risk–the effect of uncertainty on objectives
  • Risk management–coordinated activities to direct and control an organization with respect to risk

Now let’s look at each of those a little more closely in the sections below.

And if this article has caught your attention,  with it’s forward-thinking-focus,  you may also enjoy our article on EHS leading indicators.

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Book Review: Robert Mager’s “Preparing Instructional Objectives”

book-reveiwWe just finished reading Robert Mager’s Preparing Instructional Objectives, the classic book on learning objectives that’s also part of the six-book collection, The Mager Six Pack. (Yes, we bought the whole six pack, and you’ll be seeing book reviews about all of them over time).

Here’s our review of the book. You may also be interested in our more in-depth article about Mager’s Performance-Based Learning Objectives, which is the subject of the book.

Mager’s interesting because he’s one of the classic names in the history of instructional design, and this book is interesting because his performance-based learning objectives were very influential in instructional design. Plus, although there have been some changes in thought about learning objectives over time, most notably perhaps about how one presents them to learners, Mager’s emphasis on performance is very much in line with learning theory today (especially the emphasis on training to develop job skills).

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Robert Mager’s Performance-Based Learning Objectives

performance-based-learning-objectivesYou don’t have to read up on learning objectives for too long before you run into the name of Robert Mager and hear about his performance-based learning objectives. These are also sometimes called three-part learning objectives or behavioral learning objectives.

This isn’t necessarily the only way to write learning objectives. Smart people have continued to think about training and the development of learning objectives since Mager’s time, after all.

But even though there are other schools of thought about learning objectives, what Mager had to say is still solid advice in many cases. And, as they taught us when we were kids, it’s a good idea to get the basics down before you begin experimenting (while riding bikes, they taught us to ride normally before going with no hands; while playing baseball, they taught us to throw a fastball before trying a curve; while writing, they taught us to print before teaching us cursive).

Mager outlines his theory about the best way to create learning objectives in his classic book Preparing Instructional Objectives. You can read our review of Preparing Instructional Objectives if you’re interested, and we highly recommend reading the book, which is informative, quick, and fun.

Otherwise, here’s the crux of what Mager has to say, below.

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OSHA Recordkeeping and Reporting Forms

osha-recordkeeping-postThere have been a number of changes that have to do with OSHA’s injury and illness recordkeeping and reporting forms and requirements. And on top of that, there are some deadlines and new “effective dates” coming up.

The injury and illness reporting forms themselves–301, 300, and 300A-were a lot to know about.

And keeping track of the new requirements for recordkeeping, reporting, and online reporting just add to that.

So in this post, we’ll take a look at:

  • What’s reportable and what’s not
  • Who has to report and who doesn’t
  • OSHA’s recordkeeping and reporting forms for injuries and illnesses (forms 301, 300, and 300A)
  • OSHA’s new online reporting and injury requirements for some employers
  • Effective dates for the new requirements
  • Deadlines for reporting

Hopefully this will make everything a little easier to understand for you.

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ANSI Z490.1 Sections 1, 2, and 3: A Brief Overview for Effective Safety Training

ASNI_Z490.1-post2
(Note: ANSI and ASSE recently released a new, revised edition of ANSI Z490.1. This article has been updated to cover the new, revised, 2016 version.)

In a recent post, we introduced ANSI Z490.1 and gave a quick overview of it and its seven sections.

ANSI Z490.1 is important because it’s the national standard that lists criteria for accepted practices in safety, health, and environmental training. So if EHS training is part of your job responsibilities, it is definitely worth your time to get to know ANSI Z490.1.

So with no further delay, let’s turn our attention to Sections 1, 2, and 3 of the standard.

Need help with your safety training program at work? We’ve got e-learning safety courses and learning managements systems (LMSs) for various industries, company sizes, and needs. Contact us to learn how we can help you.

And while you’re here, why not download our free Guide to Effective EHS Training, which is partly based on ANSI Z490.1?

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What Is a JHA (Job Hazard Analysis)?

JHA-blogpost(We’ve created a free downloadable guide for performing a JHA–it’s at the bottom of this post if you’d like a copy.)

Not that long ago, I read an extended discussion in a LinkedIn group titled “What is a JHA?”

The discussion included safety experts from all over the world and lots of interesting thoughts.

What it DIDN’T include was a common understanding of what a JHA is. So, leaning on some materials from our friends at OSHA as our primary source, we thought we’d introduce the concept here and provide an explanation that is acceptable and based on OSHA’s definitions and requirements. If you’ve got differing opinions about JHAs and JSAs and similar concepts, feel free to leave ’em at the bottom in the Comments section.

Did you know that Convergence Training has a full-length JHA e-learning course? Check it out along with the other titles in our safety training e-learning library and our learning management systems for assigning, tracking, and storing records of completed training. Or contact us for a demo.

And why not download this FREE Guide to Effective EHS Training as well?

What Is a JHA (Job Hazard Analysis)?

According to OSHA’s definition, a JHA is “a technique that focuses on job tasks as a way to identify hazards before they occur.” So, the basic idea is that you:

  • break a job down into the various tasks it involves
  • identify hazards associated with each task

According to OSHA again, the JHA “focuses on the relationship between the worker, the task, the tools, and the work environment.”

Note: In the Comments section below, blog reader “Paul” notes that OSHA could have written their description of the JHA a little more smoothly, and we agree. The goal of the JHA isn’t to identify hazards before they occur–a better way to say it is that the purpose of the JHA is to identify (and then control) hazards before they do cause harm. We’re sure that’s what OSHA meant above, but of course one can’t identify a hazard if it doesn’t first occur.

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OSHA Glossary of Terms: 10 Interactive OSHA Glossaries

glossary-graphicIn the past, we’ve published 10 different blog posts, with each post including a fully interactive, web-based OSHA glossary of terms including the terms and definitions included in an OSHA standard.

Those were so popular, we figured we’d put all 10 together into one post for you. Just scroll down and let your eyes travel over all ten. Nice, huh?

What OSHA glossary of terms (and standards) are included? From top to bottom, we’ve got the following for your viewing pleasure:

  • Fall Prevention and Protection, 1926.501
  • Hazard Communication 2012 /GHS, 1910-1200
  • Scaffolds, 1926.451
  • Respiratory Protection, 1910.134
  • Ladders, 1926.1053
  • Machine Guarding Glossary, 1910.212
  • Powered Industrial Trucks, 1910.178
  • Electrical—Wiring Methods, 1910.305
  • Lockout/Tagout (Control of Hazardous Energy), 1910.147
  • Electrical-General Requirements, 1910.303

Why did we pick these 10 standards? Because they’re consistently on OSHA’s list of the ten most cited violations.

Need any help with your safety training program at work? Convergence Training makes a line of learning management systems (LMSs), e-learning safety courses, and more. Check ’em out or contact us for a demo.

And hey, why not download our FREE 42-page Guide to Effective EHS Training?

 

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How to Chunk Training Materials

chunking-graphic-blogIf you want to know how to create more effective training materials, you need to know how to chunk training materials. And YES, chunking is the accepted term in the field, even if it does sound a bit strange.

Chunking is the process of breaking down instructional materials into smaller, “bite-sized” pieces and then arranging them in a sequence that makes it easier for your learners to learn the material.

In this post, we’ll:

  • Explain the four steps necessary for a person to remember something
  • Explain why limits of the working memory cause us to use chunking
  • Explain what chunking is
  • Give tips for chunk length for novice and expert learners
  • Give tips for organizing the chunks in your training materials
  • Provide some sources and useful resources for chunking

But, before we do all that, we’re going to take a step back and explain why you should care about this.

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Free Avoid the Flu Training Course

flu-seasonIf it’s fall and/or winter, it’s flu season.

Knowing what the flu is, how to avoid it, and what to do when you have it can help you and the people around you stay healthy and limit sick time at work. So, we’ve created this free avoid the flu training course that covers the basics about the flu.

The course is based on information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Hope this helps!

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Ebola at the Workplace: Some Helpful Guidances and Resources from OSHA and Others

ebolaBy now, you’re no doubt aware that the Ebola epidemic has spread past Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, and a small number of other west-African nations and has reached nations in other continents, including the United States.

Given that, it’s a good idea to learn more about the Ebola virus and have a plan at your workplace in case the virus continues to spread.

OSHA Resources about Ebola

In response to recent events, OSHA’s created a Safety and Health Topic website that provides a lot of helpful information about Ebola, including some aspects specifically related to the workplace. We recommend checking it out.

There are a large number of helpful resources on that OSHA site, but a few we found especially interesting are:

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OSHA’s New Injury and Illness Online Reporting Requirement: A Sneak Peek

OSHAOSHA’s been busy making changes to the requirements for injury and illness record keeping and reporting.

In this post, we’re going to give you a screen-by-screen overview of a mock-up that OSHA created for their new injury and illness online reporting website.

If you’re in a hurry, scroll down until you see the first screen grabs. Otherwise, let’s take a short moment to review the recordkeeping and reporting changes first.

Recordkeeping Changes

On the recordkeeping front, there are changes that affect:

  • Who is required to keep records
  • Who is exempt from recordkeeping requirements

These changes are covered in this recent Convergence Training blog post and at this webpage from OSHA.

Reporting Changes

On the reporting front, there have been changes that affect:

  • What must be reported
  • How reporting will occur (specifically, there’s now an online component)

Again, you can read more about these changes in this recent Convergence Training blog post and at this webpage from OSHA.

Need an LMSEHS training courses, or other help with your safety training program? Contact Convergence Training to learn more.

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