MSHA Part 46 Training Certification Process

surface mine image

In this article, we’re going to explain the MSHA Part 46 certification process for miners, and tell you what kind of MSHA Part 46 training certificate you should get when you’re training’s complete.

To set the scene, MSHA is the Mine Safety and Health Administration. It’s the mining equivalent of OSHA. And MSHA’s 30 CFR Part 46 are MSHA’s regulations for safety training provided to miners and other employees at surface mines. And we describe what a surface mine  and surface mining are here.

And with those starters covered, let’s learn more about MSHA Part 46 certification.



The Mine Act

MSHA Part 46 was established by the Mine Act.

The ultimate purpose of the Mine Act is to: 

  • Establish and require compliance with health and safety standards to protect the nation’s miners
  • Cooperate with the states to:
  • Develop and enforce effective mining health and safety programs
  • Improve and expand research and development
  • Develop training programs focused on preventing occupational accidents and diseases in the mining industry 

Part 46

Part 46 is the specific section within Title 30 that establishes the mandatory requirements for training and retraining miners, contractors, and other persons at specified surface mining operations.

Part 46 applies to training at nonmetal and non-coal surface mines involved in:

  • Cement production
  • Clay and kaolin mining
  • Mineral mining of colloidal phosphate, feldspar, and lime
  • Sand and gravel mining
  • Shell dredging
  • Stone mining of granite, limestone, marble, sandstone, shale, slate, and traprock

 Part 46 regulations do not apply to surface areas of underground mining operations. Underground and surface areas of underground mines are subject to Part 48 regulations.


MSHA Part 46 Training: Who Needs It?

Part 46 identifies those who must receive training, defines minimum training requirements, and outlines subject matter topics.

 Those required to receive training are:

  • New miners
  • Newly hired experienced miners
  • Miners assigned to new tasks
  • Miners receiving annual refresher training
  • Others in need of site-specific hazard awareness training (non-mining employees, visitors, vendors, etc.)

Each required person must be properly trained:

  • On predetermined subjects
  • Within designated time frames
  • By a person competent in the subject matter

MSHA Part 46 New Miner Training Requirements

Part 46 requires that mine operators must provide each new miner with no less than 24 hours of training in required subjects within 90 days of a miner beginning work at a mine. Before beginning work at a mine, new miners must be provided no less than 4 hours of training in the following subjects:

  • Introduction to the work environment, including a tour of the mine
  • Instruction on the recognition and avoidance of hazards present at the mine
  • Review of emergency medical procedures, evacuation plans, and fire warning and firefighting procedures
  • Instruction on the health and safety aspects of miner tasks
  • Instruction on the statutory rights of miners and miners’ representatives
  • Introduction to the mine’s rules and procedures for reporting hazards

No later than 60 days after beginning work at a mine, new miners must be provided training in the following subjects:

  • Instruction and demonstration on the use, care, and maintenance of self-rescue and respiratory devices
  • A review of first aid methods 

And no later than 90 days after beginning work at a mine, new miners must be provided the balance of the 24 hours of training, if any, in other subjects that promote occupational health and safety.

MSHA Part 46 Annual Refresher Safety Training Requirements

Part 46 requires that mine operators must provide each miner with no less than 8 hours of annual refresher training no later than 12 months after the miner begins work at the mine. Required topics include:

  • Instruction on changes at the mine that could adversely affect the miner’s health and safety
  • Other health and safety subjects relevant to mining operations

We’ve listed the MSHA Part 46 Certification requirements for new miners and explained annual MSHA Part 46 refresher safety training requirements, but we also mentioned near the top of the article that there are more MSHA Part 46 training requirements for different types of miners (including newly hired experienced miners) and employees/workers (including non-mining employees and contractors). To learn about all of the requirements, including training for new tasks, site-specific hazards, and safety training for non-mining employees, please download and read our free MSHA Part 46 Training Guide.



MSHA Part 46 Training Documentation and Training Plans

Part 46 requires that mine operators produce and retain compliant documentation of training. MSHA outlines specific informational requirements that compliant training plans and certified records of training must meet.

Let’s learn more about this required MSHA Part 46 Training documentation.

MSHA Part 46 Training Plan

Part 46 requires that mine operators have an approved training plan. A training plan is considered approved if it contains, at a minimum, the following information:

  • The name of the production-operator and MSHA mine identification number
  • The name and position of the person designated responsible for health and safety training at the mine
  • A general description of the teaching methods and the course materials that are to be used in the training program, including the subject areas to be covered and the approximate time or range of time to be spent on each subject area
  • A list of the persons and/or organizations who will provide the training, and the subject areas in which each person and/or organization is competent to instruct
  • The evaluation procedures used to determine the effectiveness of training

MSHA Part 46 Training Certification (Records)

Part 46 requires that mine operators record and certify that the required training has been provided and completed. Each training record must include:

  • The full name of the person trained
  • The type of training
  • The duration of training
  • The date the training was received
  • The name of the competent person who provided or remained available during the training
  • The name of mine or independent contractor
  • The MSHA mine identification or independent contractor number (if applicable)
  • The location of training (if an institution, the name and address of the institution)

 MSHA requires that each record of training be certified by a signature of the person who has been designated by the operator as responsible for health and safety training at the mine.

Please download and read our free Guide to MSHA Part 46 Training for more details.



Conclusion: MSHA Part 46 Training Certification

We hope you found this guide to MSHA Part 46 training certification, for both miners/non-mining-employees/contractors and for mine operators, helpful.

You may find these other articles helpful as well:

And don’t forget, we can help you out if you’re looking for options for MSHA Part 46 Online Safety Training Videos.  Our MSHA Safety Training won the ISHN Best Safety Training Award–did you know that? We’re proud of it and you’ll see why.

And don’t forget to download the free guide below, too.


Online MSHA Compliance Guide

Download our free guide to learn how online tools can help you create safer work conditions at a mine site, stay compliant with MSHA Part 46 regulations, and manage your training program more efficiently.

Download Free Guide

Jeffrey Dalto

Jeffrey Dalto

Jeffrey Dalto is an Instructional Designer and the Senior Learning & Development Specialist at Convergence Training. Jeff has worked in education/training for more than twenty years and in safety training for more than ten. You can follow Jeff at LinkedIn as well.

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