Each year OSHA publishes their list of the top 10 most cited workplace safety standard violations. While there are always some shifts in ranking, the standards on the list remain remarkably consistent, year after year.
To help trainers and safety representatives address these consistent problems, we’ve put together a collection of resources to use while training your workers about each standard on OSHA’s Top 10 list. In this post, we focus on Lockout/Tagout and the control of hazardous energy sources (1910.147). You’ll find a sample of our own e-learning course, a fun word game, an interactive glossary of terms defined in the standard, and a helpful FAQs section.
Lockout/Tagout Training Materials
We’ve got four short samples of four e-learning courses related to lockout/tagout and control of hazardous energy for you below. Check ’em out, they’re cool (they use 3D and other neat animation techniques).
First, here’s a sample of our Lockout/Tagout for Authorized Employees course.
Here’s a sample of our Lockout/Tagout for Affected Employees course.
Here’s a sample of our Line Braking Safety course.
Here’s a short sample from our Blocking and Cribbing Heavy Equipment course.
And here’s a fun lockout/tagout word game–just right for the Friday safety meeting.
And finally, here’s an interactive glossary of terms OSHA defines in the standard.
What’s the regulation again?
What kind of energy sources must be controlled?
All sources of hazardous energy must be controlled. This includes:
- Other energy sources
Are there also requirements to protect employees working on electrical circuits and equipment?
Yes, 1910.333 includes requirements when employees are working on electrical circuits and equipment.
The section requires that these workers follow safe work practices, which includes using proper lockout/tagout procedures. These requirements are in effect anytime an employee is exposed to electrical hazards when working on, near, or with conductors or systems that use electric energy.
Why is it important to control hazardous energy sources?
Ultimately, for the same reason it’s important to follow all safety/health regulations: people can get hurt if you’re not.
According to an OSHA Fact Sheet, complying with the lockout/tagout standard saves 120 fatalities and 50,000 injuries every year. And those injured workers would have spent an average of 24 days out of work recovering. So there are plenty of good reasons to do this.
What can/must an employer do to keep employees protected and safe from hazardous energy sources?
As an employer, you should:
- Develop, document, implement, and enforce energy control procedures
- Have lockout/tagout devices that are specifically intended for use with particular equipment and machinery
- Make sure those lockout/tagout devices are effective, standardized, durable, and substantial.
- Make sure lockout devices correctly identify individual users
- Use lockout devices on all equipment that can be locked out
- Allow employees to use tagout devices instead of lockout devices only if the energy control program provides employee protection that’s equal to or better than the protection a lockout device would provide
- Develop a tagout policy if machines and equipment can’t be locked out
- Develop a policy that allows only the employee who installed a lockout device to remove it
- Inspect your energy control procedures at least annually
- Provide effective lockout/tagout training to your employees
- Ensure that all new or overhauled equipment can be locked out
- Comply with all other energy control provisions in OSHA standards when machines or equipment must be tested or repositioned, or when outside contractors work at the site, or in group lockout situations, or during shift and personnel changes
What do employees have to know?
Your training must ensure that employees (1) know, (2) understand, and (3) follow the applicable provisions of the hazardous energy control procedures.
The training must cover (at least):
- Aspects of your energy control program
- Elements of the energy control procedure relevant to each employee’s duties or assignment
- The various requirements of the OSHA standards related to lockout/tagout
Does OSHA have a Safety & Health Topic webpage for energy control hazards and regulations?
Does OSHA have any eTools for the energy control (lockout/tagout) regulations?
Why yes! Here is OSHA’s Lockout-Tagout eTool.
Does OSHA have a free downloadable fact sheet to help me control these hazards?
You betcha. Check out OSHA’s Lockout/Tagout Fact Sheet.
What about NIOSH? Do they offer resources too?
Glad you asked. Learn more about using Lockout/Tagout procedures to prevent injury during machine maintenance.