(Note: This article is based on the new, revised, 2016 version of ANSI Z490.1.)
Many companies, including probably yours, spend a lot of time, effort, and money trying to maintain high standards for the environment, health, and safety (EHS). And rightly so.
And those EHS often involve an EHS training component, as it should.
One reason EHS training is important is that regulatory agencies such as OSHA, MSHA, EPA, DOT, and others require it. They have requirements about when to train and how much to train. They even tell you it has to be of a certain quality. For example, OSHA tells you that EHS training must be effective, that you have to ensure it’s effective through some form of assessment, and that you have to provide the training in a language the employee understands.
And yet, when you get your first job in EHS, nobody sits you down and teaches you how to design, create, and deliver effective EHS training. Nobody gives you a nice book on that, and it’s not spelled out in the EHS regulations.
But fortunately, we’ve got ANSI Z490.1 for that. ANSI Z490.1, titled “Criteria for Accepted Practices in Safety, Health and Environmental Training,” provides a national standard for creating, maintaining, and evaluating an EHS training program. Handy, huh?
In this article, we’ll give you a better idea of what Z490.1 is about and why you should buy a copy for yourself and use it.
First, let’s deal with some common questions.
Common Questions about ANSI and ANSI Standards
What is ANSI?
ANSI is the American National Standards Institute. Also, they are “a private, non-profit organization that administers and coordinates the U.S. voluntary standards and conformity assessment system.” (I snagged that quote from their web page.)
Do ANSI standards have the power of law?
No, not by themselves. But in some cases, a regulatory agency may include an ANSI standard within its own standard, stating that people should follow the ANSI standard in given circumstances. OSHA calls this incorporation by reference. ANSI has created a portal for its standards that have been incorporated by reference.
Can compliance (or non-compliance) with an ANSI standard be brought up in court cases?
Yes. Complying with an ANSI standard may help you if you wind up in court. Not complying with an ANSI standard may hurt you in court.
In court, you don’t want to be called out as totally ignorant of a national best practice or not being in compliance of a standard like this.
Common Questions about ANSI Z490.1, the National Standard on Effective Environment, Health, and Safety Training
So what’s ANSI Z490.1?
It’s a national standard created to provide guidelines for environmental, health, and safety training. (If you were wondering what “EHS” stands for, now you know.)
Basically, its creators took accepted best practices in the training industry and put them into an EHS context.
Who created ANSI Z490.1?
An ANSI/ASSE task force.
ASSE, in case you don’t know, is the American Society of Safety Engineers. Pretty credible folks on the topic of EHS.
When was ANSI Z490.1 last revised?
Version 4 was just published in 2016.
The previous version (Version 3) was published in 2009.
This article is based on the most recent, 2016 version of ANSI Z490.1.
Where can I find and read ANSI Z490.1?
Note that this isn’t free. The 2016 version will set you back $77 for a PDF.
How many sections does ANSI Z490.1 include and what are they?
It has seven different sections and is forty-five pages long. Those sections are:
- Scope, Purpose, and Application
- Management of a Comprehensive Training Program
- Training Development
- Training Delivery
- Training Evaluation
- Documentation and Record Keeping
There are also four annexes:
- Training Course Development Guidelines
- EHS Trainer’s Checklist
- Virtual Learning (this is new to the 2016 version and wasn’t included in the 2009 version….also be aware that a brand-new ANSI Z490.2 standard on virtual or online EHS training is being prepared right now)
What does ANSI Z490.1 say about EHS training development?
The standard covers training development in section 4.
Developing in this case means both designing and then creating the EHS training. Designing involves determining if the training is required or helpful; finding the best type of training to support the employee’s learning needs; and thinking of ways to best support learner understanding and remembering. Creating in this case means making the materials the employees will see during the training–whether it be a PowerPoint presentation you’ll project during a class, print-based worksheets, materials for hands-on exercises, an online course, a virtual reality 3D-simulation, or something else.
This section says that training development should be a systematic process including:
- Performing a training needs assessment
- Creating learning objectives
- Designing the course/training
- Developing a training evaluation strategy
- Creating criteria for training completion
- Creating a plan for continuous improvement of the training and putting that into effect
For more on this, check out our article on how to develop EHS training.
What does ANSI Z490.1 say about EHS training delivery?
The standard covers training delivery in section 5.
Delivery means the actual process of getting the training content to the employees. So this can include standing in front of a group of employees in a classroom setting; performing a hands-on demonstration and then observing employee skill demonstrations in the field; holding a webinar; or delivering the training online to a desktop computer or mobile phone. In all cases, it includes proper management of the people/interpersonal aspects but also of any included technological and facilities aspects.
This section covers the importance of:
- Trainer qualifications, including:
- Subject matter expertise
- Training/instruction delivery skills
- Continuing education to keep knowledge and skills sharp and current
- Documentation of trainer qualifications
- Training delivery methods and materials, including:
For more on this, check our article on how to deliver EHS training.
What does ANSI Z490.1 say about EHS training evaluation?
The standard covers training evaluation in section 6.
Evaluation means checking to see if your EHS training was effective. And the purpose of checking to see if it’s effective is to improve it if necessary. There are many different methods and models for evaluating training effectiveness, but one of the most commonly used is the Kirkpatrick Four-Level Evaluation Model, and that’s what Z490.1 patterns itself on.
In this section, the ANSI standard stresses the importance of evaluating your EHS training courses and program, including:
- General criteria, including:
- Establishing evaluation methods during training development
- Assessing the trainee’s ability to satisfy the learning objectives
- Creating evaluations that are reliable and valid
- Criteria for successful completion of training
- Getting results of evaluations to trainees
- Creating procedures for evaluation alternatives to help or retrain trainees who didn’t satisfy the learning objective during the initial training
- Correctly identifying all trainees as unique individuals (knowing who took the training)
- Complying with all relevant and related industry standards and regulations
- Training evaluation approaches, including:
- Trainee reaction surveys, also sometimes known as level 1 evaluations or smile sheets
- Evaluation of trainee knowledge, skills, abilities, and attitudes in some form of post-training test or assessment
- Observation of on-the-job performance post-training
- Determining if the training had the desired result on one or more specific business goals
You can read more about this in our article about how to evaluate the effectiveness of EHS training.
Where can I read more about ANSI Z490.z and effective EHS training?
We recommend you buy a copy, which will cost you somewhere in the neighborhood of $77 US. You can buy it here.
To learn even more about effective training practices for environmental, health, and safety training, we suggest you download the free guide to EHS training below.
What about the Upcoming ANSI Z490.2 Standard on Virtual EHS Training?
Yes, there IS a companion standard on “virtual” EHS training coming up soon. I know because I’m on the committee putting it together. For more information about Z490.2, check out the latest update on it I have published at the Convergence Training blog. Also, keep your eyes on the list of speakers at the upcoming ASSE Safety 2018 conference, because I’ve applied to present at that conference along with Morgan Bliss of Central Washington University (and ASSE) and John Mroszcyk, who’s the head of the Z490.1/Z490.2 committees.
Hope you found that helpful, and don’t forget to check out the whole series and to download the free guide below.
Effective EHS Training: A Step-by-Step Guide
Learn how to design, create, deliver, and evaluate effective EHS training by following these best practices with our free step-by-step guide.