Back Injury Prevention

5.0 1 Review SKU: C-390Duration: 14 Minutes

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Course Details


Training Time: 14 minutes

Compatibility: Desktop, Tablet, Phone

Based on: Industry Standards and Best Practices

Languages: English, Chinese, Spanish

If you work with heavy loads or repeatedly twist to move materials from one location to another, you may be at a greater risk of back injury. Back injuries are suffered by more than one million workers every year, account for twenty percent of all workplace injuries, and cost companies billions of dollars. This course will help prevent back injuries at your workplace by raising awareness about the common causes of acute and cumulative back injuries, signs and symptoms of back injuries, and the engineering and administrative controls that can be implemented to prevent back injuries.

Learning Objectives

  • Describe the importance of back injury prevention
  • Identify the back and spine anatomy
  • Identify common causes of back injuries
  • Describe back injury hazards and risk factors
  • Describe signs and symptoms of back injuries
  • Describe how to prevent back injuries
  • Explain proper lifting technique

Customer Reviews


Back Injury Prevention

“Very good video, good techniques show in video.”

Shelby Verified Customer

Key Questions

The following key questions are answered in this module:

How common at back injuries at work?
They are the most common workplace injury. More than a million workers suffer them every year, and they account for one of every five workplace injuries.

What is the spinal column?
A series of small bones, called vertebrae.

What does the spinal column do?
Supports the body, protects the spinal cord, acts as "shock absorber" for body, allows the back to move within normal range of motion, and provides attachment point for ribs, muscles, and ligaments.

What do back injuries typically involve?
Strained muscles and ligaments; damaged discs between the vertebrae; bones or discs pressing against a nerve; unnatural curves of the spine; weakened, fractured vertebrae

What are risk factors for back injuries?
Aging, alcohol and drug use, family history of back problems, weak core muscles, obesity, anxiety, depression stress, smoking, and underlying spinal conditions.

What is an "acute" back injury?
One that occurs as a result of a single event-such as lifting a box and throwing out your back.

What is a cumulative back injury?
A series of small traumas to the back that eventually add up to cause a more serious injury.

What are signs and symptoms of back injuries and disorders?
Muscle aches; sudden, stabbing pain; pain that shoots down the legs; weak, numb, or tingly legs; decreased range of back motion or flexibility; being unable to stand up or sit up straight.

What are some ways to prevent back injuries at work?
Engineering controls, such as using machines to lift; administrative controls, such as using more people to lift; using proper lifting and handling techniques; and strengthening the body's core muscles.

What are the different parts of the proper lifting technique?
Plan your lift in advance; stand close to the object; plant both feet firmly and stop moving; bend knees and keep back straight; use both hands; lift slowly with legs until you're standing straight; hold the load near your body and below line of vision; keep stomach muscles tight and back straight; walk slowly and take small steps; keep your eyes on where you're going; to lower the load, keep back straight, stomach muscles tight, and slowly bend knees.

Sample Video Transcript

Below is a transcript of the video sample provided for this module:

The best method for eliminating or reducing the risk of back injuries is the use of engineering controls. Examples of engineering controls include the use of lifting aids, or designing workstations to reduce the amount of strain on the body. For example, if there is a heavy load on the floor that needs to be moved, try splitting it up to reduce its size or weight, or use a cart or dolly to move it to the desired location. If a load is located at a higher level or needs to be moved to a location that is out of reach, use a mechanical lift, conveyor, or mobile equipment if possible. Designing work stations to reduce the amount of strain on the body can also help prevent back injuries. For example, if your job requires you to sit for long periods of time, select chairs or desks designed to reduce back strain or increase lumbar support. If your job requires standing for long periods of time, use foot rests or fatigue reducing floor mats.

Additional Resources

Use the additional resources and links below to learn more about this topic:

  • U.S. Department of Labor’s Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) –
  • OSHA Safety and Health Topics -
  • OSHA Technical Manual -
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) –
  • NIOSH Workplace Safety & Health Topics -
  • US Department of Energy Office of Science Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) –
  • BNL Lifting Safety -
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