At the end of this module, you will be able to:
- Describe reasons why you should never drive while impaired
- Describe how to scan the road
- Identify things to look for while driving
- Describe how to increase reaction time
- Define the two-second rule
- Define the speed limit
The following key questions are answered in this module:
What does the acronym O.A.R. stand for, in regards to defensive alert driving?
O - Observe conditions around you; A - anticipate hazardous situations; R - react to avoid the hazards.
What is considered impaired driving?
Driving impaired is considered to mean driving under any circumstances that prevent you from being the best and safest driver you can be. Examples include: under the influence of alcohol, drugs, and prescription medications, being overly tired or drowsy, and distracted or under the influence of strong emotion.
What are the best ways to avoid distractions while driving?
The best way to avoid distractions while driving are to not: catch yourself daydreaming or losing focus on driving; lock your attention for too long on a person or thing outside your vehicle; spend too much time adjusting controls on the dashboard; do anything else that distracts your attention from driving conditions around you.
What should I be looking for while I'm scanning the road around me?
You should be looking for drivers in oncoming lanes of traffic, at the traffic moving in the same direction as you, parked vehicles, pedestrians, and animals on the side of the road, all vehicles at intersections, freeway on-ramps, or freeway exits.
What two things are important to do when giving yourself enough time to react while driving?
First, stay far enough behind the vehicles ahead of you by using the Two-Second rule, and secondly, to travel at safe speeds by obeying all speed limits.
Below is a transcript of the video sample provided for this module:
When following another vehicle, always follow the two-second rule. This means you should leave at least two seconds of traveling distance between you and the vehicle ahead of you.
For example, imagine the vehicle ahead of you passes a tree, and at that same time, someone starts a stopwatch. At least two seconds should pass before your vehicle reaches the same tree.
Remember, two seconds is the minimum. It's better to keep three or four seconds between you and the vehicle directly ahead so that you'll have even more time to react.
Use the additional resources and links below to learn more about this topic:
- U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) – www.dot.gov
- DOT Safety and Security – http://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/safety-security/safety-security.htm
- National Highway Traffic Safety Administration – www.nhtsa.gov
- NHTSA Driving Safety – http://www.nhtsa.gov/Driving+Safety
- NHTSA Research - http://www.nhtsa.gov/Research
- US Government Website for Distracted Driving – www.distraction.gov